Poppy Seed Profile
Also known as
Papaver somniferum, Blue Bread Poppy, Opium Poppy, and Poppy.
The familiar black poppy seeds used to flavor noodles, breads, and bagels and to make poppy seed kolachi (a Czech pastry) are produced by the same plant used to make opium. Poppy seeds contain only trace amounts of opium, not enough to get a high, but enough to influence a drug test. Experienced testers can tell the difference between use of heroin and consumption of poppy seeds by the presence of thebaine, a chemical only found when the person tested has been eating the seeds.
Poppy seeds contain 40 to 50% fatty oil, although only about half the oil in the seed can be removed by pressing. Poppy seeds are rich in linoleic acid and oleic acid, unsaturated fatty acids that useful in human nutrition.Among the volatile components of poppy seeds, aliphatic hydrocarbons and aldehydes have been reported. The distinctive aroma of poppy seeds is due to 2-pentylfurane.
Dried seed, whole or crushed.
Dried seed, sometimes crushed and canned.
While poppy seeds can be pressed for oil, they are most commonly used to flavor and to add flavor, texture and color to noodles, breads, and pastries. To bring out a nutty flavor, toast or crush before use. Most culinary grade Poppy seeds have been steam sterilized and are not of germination quality.
Be sure to declare use of poppy seeds before submitting to a drug test, as they may show up.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.