This biennial is native to Eurasia but naturalized worldwide. Mullein has two growth phases, making a large downy rosette in the first year, rising to an impressive flowering wand in the spring to summer of the second year. The plant prefers disturbed soil, and will grow in clay, gravel, or loam. It likes full sun and requires only moderate water. The seeds are light-dependent germinators. Sow in spring by sprinkling on soil surface and tamping securely. Keep warm, evenly moist, and in the light until germination, which is rapid. Thin or transplant to two feet apart.