Common Method Of Extraction
Dry, spicy, woody, sharp
Largest Producing Countries
Sri Lanka, India, and Indonesia
Black pepper is one of the oldest spices. Its uses date back to the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians.
Analgesic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitive, aphrodisiac, bitter, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vasodilator
Blends Well With
Cardamom, clary sage, clove, frankincense, geranium, lavender, juniper, marjoram, myrrh, orange, nutmeg, rosemary, sage, sandalwood, tea tree, vetiver, ylang ylang
Egyptians utilized black pepper in the embalming process.
Avoid with homeopathics, in kidney or liver disease, and while pregnant. May cause skin irritation.
This information is for educational purposes only, it is not intended to treat, cure, prevent or, diagnose any disease or condition. Nor is it intended to prescribe in any way. This information is for educational purposes only and may not be complete, nor may its data be accurate.
As with all essential oils, never use them undiluted. Do not take internally unless working with a qualified and expert practitioner. Keep away from children. If applying an essential oil to your skin always perform a small patch test to an insensitive part of the body (after you have properly diluted the oil in an appropriate carrier.