Hawthorn has been praised over the centuries for their heart elevating properties. Believed to uplift and strengthen both the physical and emotional heart, hawthorn, as it supports healthy cardiovascular function, was also revered for ceremonial and spiritual purposes. The flavorful red berries have been used in candies, jams, jellies, wines, and cordials and are widely available in many forms as dietary supplements.
Hawthorn supports healthy cardiovascular functioning.*
cardiac,1,4,6,7,10 diuretic,1,10 tonic,1 sedative, vasodilator4 astringent, hypotensive, cardioprotective
flavonoids (flavones, flavonols) including hyperoside, vitexinrhamnose, rutin, vitexin oligomeric procyanidins,12 quercitin and others5, pentacyclic triterpenes (such as oleanic acid, ursolic acid, an crataegolic acid), xanthine derivatives (such as adenosine, adenine, guanine and uric acid) amines including acetylcholine and choline, proanthocyanidins, chlorogenic and caffeic acids, vitamins B1, B2, and C, minerals such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, fructose, and others.5
Specific: No known precautions.
General: We recommend that you consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using herbal products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications.
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- Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, eds. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Austin, TX: American Botanical Council; Newton, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000.
- Dharmananda S., Hawthorn Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. Accessed at: http://www.itmonline.org/arts/crataegus.htm on November 11, 2014.
- Lust, J. (2014). The Herb Book: The Most Complete Catalog of Herbs Ever Published. Courier Dover Publications.
- Khan, I. A., & Abourashed, E. A. (2011). Leung's encyclopedia of common natural ingredients: used in food, drugs and cosmetics. John Wiley & Sons.
- Moore M. Medicinal Plants of the Pacific West. Santa Fe. New Mexico: Red Crane Books; 1993.
- McIntyre, A. (1996). Flower Power: Flower Remedies for Healing Body and Soul Through Herbalism, Homeopathy, Aromatherapy, and Flower Essences. Henry Holt and Company.
- Hopman, E. E. (2008). A Druid's Herbal of Sacred Tree Medicine. Inner Traditions/Bear & Co.
- TCM Wiki. Traditional Chinese Medicine website. Accessed at: http://www.tcmwiki.com/wiki/shan-zha on November 11, 2014.
- Green, J. (2011). The Herbal Medicine-Maker's Handbook: A Home Manual. Random House LLC.
- Becker M. Materia Medica Intensive Seminar. Boulder, CO: North American Institute of Medical Herbalism, Inc; 2005.
- Blumenthal M, Busse WR, Goldberg A, Gruenwald J, Hall T, Riggins CW, Rister RS, eds. Klein S, Rister RS, trans. The Complete German Commission E MonographsTherapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. Austin, TX: American Botanical Council; Boston: Integrative Medicine Communication; 1998.
*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
For educational purposes only.